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陈文兴 | 国际丝绸联盟教育科研专业委员会工作报告
作者:  国际丝绸联盟秘书处     发布日期:  2021-07-22 10:07:04      点击量:  141


Dear chairman Zhang Guoqiang, dear vice chairmen, all the guests and colleagues,


Good afternoon everyone! In this lush early summer season, which coincides with the "World Environment Day" and the "Silk Road Week" period, we gathered together to hold the "ISU Chairman Meeting & International Think Tanks Forum on Silk Sustainable Development" to discuss the green and sustainable development of silk is of great significance. First of all, please allow me, on behalf of ISU Education Research Professional Committee, to extend my warmest welcome to all the leaders and guests!


The COVID-19 at home and abroad has brought a greater impact on the cocoon and silk industry since 2020. All of us tried to timely adjust the development strategies, and improve the supply capacity, especially in recent years, attached great importance to scientific and technological innovation, and closely integrated production, education and research. Silk industry focus on the new processes, new technologies, new products design & research and the bottleneck of transformation & upgrading, such as the development of silk protection products and multifunctional silk products in response to the COVID-19 or other infectious diseases. All this works have accelerated the speed of R&D and marketisation, improved the competitiveness of silk products, and the silk industry has stood the test in the epidemic test, showing strong resilience and vitality.


Since its establishment in 2017, ISU Education Research Professional Committee has 16 members from China, Australia, India, Poland, Brazil, Thailand and other countries. In September 2019, the second meeting of the committee was held. In 2020, due to the epidemic, committee members could not get together to discuss and exchange. However, in their respective countries and in their respective jobs, the committee members paid close attention to changes in the international epidemic situation and used various methods to assist silk enterprises in resuming work and production, actively providing responding to the measures, and committed to the training of silk talents and scientific and technological innovation under the new situation. Let me briefly introduce the work of the committee in the areas of silk education, scientific research, and cultural exchange.


1. Silk Education


Professional talent training


The training of silk professionals in various universities has distinctive characteristics. For instance, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University (ZSTU) restored the major of silk design and engineering in 2017, it is currently the only silk undergraduate major in China, combining the design and engineering, cultivating compound senior application talents who have not only knowledge of textile and silk engineering, but also artistic accomplishment, innovative design theory and practical ability. Just two weeks ago, the graduation exhibition --"Silk Thinking & Future" from the first graduate of this major was launched. The exhibition brought together the design works of all graduates, covering several major directions such as apparel, pan-furniture, and cultural creation, with diverse themes, rich content, bright themes and the multi-dimensional concept. At present, more than 60% of the works have been adopted by related companies and transformed into products, which also reflects the academic cultivation and creative level of the silk major students over the past four years.


Soochow University is also the highest institution in the country that specializes in cultivating silk talents. It has always adhered to the characteristics of silk products, silk culture and the development of the entire silk industry chain, promoted the development and innovation of discipline construction and the industry, and has achieved outstanding results in the training of silk talents. In 2019, the silk culture education brand was successfully selected as the Suzhou Innovation and Excellence Project; the national boutique online open course "Silk Culture and Products" won the first prize of the Teaching Achievement Award of Soochow University.


With the background of biological sciences and the lead of modern biotechnology, the Institute of Applied Bioresource Research of Zhejiang University based on the characteristic material of silk and silk protein, committed to the diversification and high-value utilization of silk, focused on the education and research work of the development of silkworm spinning mechanism, targeted breeding of silkworm to produce multifunctional silk, silk protein biomaterial construction and tissue regeneration and repair. In the past three years, teachers and students have been selected to participate in sericulture-related international conferences 5 times with a total of 41 people, domestic academic conferences 6 times with a total of 87 people, and 3 foreign experts were invited to visit and exchange, 2 doctors were selected for exchange and study in overseas universities.


Scientific research institutions also play an important role in the cultivation of silk talents. Sichuan Academy of Silk Sciences participated in the paper review of silk course instructors and the thesis defense of postgraduates in some universities, provided lectures for the “Brocade Inheritance and Innovation Art Design Talents Training Class” of College of Chinese & ASEAN Arts, Chengdu University, organized Silk Product Innovation Design Special Competition “Brocade Sichuan ? Origin of Silk”, and collected more than 1600 works, strongly facilitating the enhancement of industry creative design and the product R&D team’s overall capacity.


Skill training education


In November 2019, ZSTU organized the fourth session of “Training Program on Processing Technology and Innovation Design of Modern Silk Products” by the Ministry of Science and Technology of PRC. The present training program involved 24 trainees from 8 countries as Thailand, Egypt, etc., focused on the themes of silk product processing and innovative design, concerned the training of mulberry planting and silkworm raising, silk reeling and silk fiber weaving, product design and dyeing-finishing, building a bridge of information exchange, talent communication and scientific and technological cooperation between the domestic silk industry and their counterparts in Asia and Africa.


In 2020, ZSTU hosted the seventh and eighth sessions of “Training Program on Art & Technique Heritage and Creative Design of Brocade”, invited famous experts to give lectures, and introduced a large number of off-campus resources and platforms for production - university - research cooperation to jointly promote the inheritance and innovative development of China's intangible cultural heritage of brocade. Since 2017, ZSTU has held eight training class for more than 160 inheritors and practitioners of more than 20 regions in China.


Soochow University hosted the National Advanced Training Course on Reeling Technology and Management in 2019, covering silk producing process, product quality management, raw silk quality practical detection technology, product quality problem analysis, set up a technology exchange platform of “production, university, research and application” for management and technical staff of silk production enterprises, and facilitated the high-quality development of cocoon silk industry.


Sichuan Academy of Silk Sciences has focused on high-quality efficient sericulture production technology, new silkworm variety breeding technology, cocoon quality and silk producing process technology, the application of new reeling and cocoon boiling equipment, fresh cocoon reeling process technology, Sichuan brocade and Sichuan embroidery process, and improvement of cocoon and raw silk quality, corporate technical management, reeling factory planning and design, etc., adopted conference lectures, field scene teaching, expert consultation methods, offered 33 skill training for silk industry enterprises inside and outside the province, involving 778 trainees and more than 50 enterprise and public institutions.


Various types of silk-related training classes have enhanced the professionalism of silk practitioners, strengthened the communication and exchanges between countries and China with multiple levels and perspectives. In response to the new international situation, the committee members and their units will devote greater efforts to cultivate talents in silk industry, and make new contributions to the high-quality development of silk industry.


2. Silk research


Chinese experts have made a lot of works in key and common technologies in silk industry, especially in the deep processing technology of sericulture resources, intensive and factory sericulture technology, processing technology of functional silk and its products, digital and short-flow silk reeling equipment technology, creative design and weaving technology for silk products, ecological and intelligent printing and dyeing of silk, and silk cultural relics protection technology, etc. The production - university - research cooperation has helped to condense and cultivate a group of industrial technology innovation talents, promoted the development of the silk industry.


The New hypoglycemic drugs of Sangzhi Zongshengwujian Pian was successfully launched in the market, the fibroin bone nail was applied to clinical test, fibroin fresh-keeping agent was put into industrial production, marking the comprehensive utilization of cocoon silk resources to expand into biological, medical, chemicals and other high-tech fields.


The rapid development of 5G, artificial intelligence and other new technologies has accelerated their application in intelligent manufacturing: new breakthroughs have been continuously achieved in full-age artificial feed and the R&D of intelligent silk breeding equipment technology, which have been actively applied in different areas. Traditional silk breeding mode is transforming to factory-based automated breeding; High Fashion Silk (Zhejiang) Co., Ltd. actively promoted the intelligent information workshop project in 2017, with an increase of the silk worker stand from 4 sets to 30 sets, and initially achieved workshop intelligent management. Cathaya Group developed silk new products with special organizational structure and texture through mathematical modeling and computer intelligence technology. The double-sided digital printing technologydeveloped by Hangzhou Honghua Digital Technology Stock Company Ltd. and Wensli Group has avoided the water-consuming and large waste slurry in traditional printing process, solved the exposure of thick cloth one-sided printing. The 2021 Zhejiang provincial key R&D program “silk fabric washing-free printing and dyeing technology research and development, and industrialized application” is expected to further promote the energy-saving, cost-reducing and sustainable development of silk printing and dyeing.


Preliminary effects have been achieved in silk new materials research and development. The new material, spider silk bionic material invested and developed by Zhejiang Jiaxin Silk Co., Ltd. has achieved initial results. By improving Bombyx mori silk performance through the gene combination of Bombyx mori and black widow spider, it has made great technical breakthroughs. The strength of super bionic silk is 3.86 times the ordinary silk, and it is subsequently expected to be applied to fields such as military and biomedical industries.


In October 2020, Soochow University hosted the “Textile Silk Technology and Industrial Development Forum”, with the presence of more than 100 representative entrepreneurs and experts from 61 Chinese textile and silk enterprises, theme of the forum was “innovation drives an intelligent future of silk industry”. Representatives actively exchanged the newest scientific and technological achievements and high-quality development prospects in the textile silk industry, shared new concepts and new technologies in textile silk fields, promoted the high quality and sustainable development of textile silk industry.


In June 2020, World Silk and Silk Road International Research Center was established in ZSTU, aiming at the world-wide studies of Silk Road and related silk cultural heritage. On November 24-25, 2020, ZSTU hosted the First International Symposium on Silk and Silk Road, scholars from UNESCO, DKNVS, US Textile Pattern Research Foundation, University of London, University of Cambridge, University of Oxford, as well as universities in Japan, Netherlands, India, Russia, Israel and other countries attended the meeting, which provided new directions for the study of Silk Road and silk and offered new thought to cultivate domestic silk industry talents. The meeting was held online and offline simultaneously due to the epidemic. The live broadcast attracted over 4,000 audiences to watch online.


The result of “energy-saving and emission reduction silk production and industrialization application” co-completed by ZSTU and Hangzhou Textile Machinery Group Co., Ltd. won 2020 CNTAC Science and Technology Progress Award. Professor Hu Zhiwen, deputy professor Wang Bing, and their team from ZSTU spent over ten years to successfully develop “fibroin reinforcement technology” for the conservation of unearthed silk cultural relics, overcame the frangibility of silk during the reinforcement. This technology was applied in the silk fabrics in Ningshou Gong Garden in the Forbidden City, Mogao Grottoes in Dunhuang, as well as the cultural relics unearthed from the tomb of Princess of Xiaohe. The team also developed a test strip to quickly detect silk fabric in the archaeological site, and to conduct high sensitivity and high-specific detection of silk in muddy silk fabrics. The new breakthrough in the detection principle has also been applied to shipwreck sample of "Nanhai No.1" to detect the presence of silk.


In 2020, Journal of Silk, hosted by ZSTU, was awarded A+ of China’s Authority Journal by RCCSE, with a discipline ranking of 2/41 and awarded again as “Top 100 Society of China University Journals in 2020 ”.


Sichuan Academy of Silk Sciences has strengthened technological research and development of key generic technologies in the cocoon silk industry, undertaken and completed a total of 25 provincial scientific research projects since 2019. For example, among domestic enterprises adopting the pressure relief automatic cocoon boiling machine, some obtained 95.5 points in raw silk cleansing at a level of exceeding 6A grade; the new silkworm species “Chuan Zuo No.3” passed the provincial level accreditation. As the main drafting unit, Sichuan Academy of Silk Sciences compiled China Silk Association group standard “ Code of Practice for Fresh Cocoon Reeling” and the Sichuan Provincial regional standard “ Code of Practice for Main Diseases and Pests of Oak Tree” and “Code of Practice for Main Diseases and Pests of Tussah”, which have been released and implemented.


3. Research and Exchange of Silk Culture


The establishment of Zhejiang Silk and Fashion Culture Research Center, the key research bases of philosophy and social sciences in Zhejiang Province is aimed to create a height for fashion culture research. On May 22, 2021, Zhejiang Federation of Humanities and Social Sciences Circles and Zhejiang Sci-Tech University jointly hosted “New Fashion · New Silk Road · New Theory” 2021 academic seminar successfully, which gathered many experts, scholars from silk, fashion, culture and other fields and industry representatives in Hangzhou for the discussion and theoretical academic research of excellent silk tradition inheritance and modern fashion construction during the major window period in Zhejiang Province.


Distinguished guests, regarding silk education and research, ISU members have also carried out extensive work, which cannot be fully covered as time limited. In the future, our committee will strive to actively promote the cultivation of silk talents, further strengthen production - university - research cooperation, and promote sustainable development of international silk. Your valuable comments and suggestions will be warmly welcomed.

   Thank you.


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